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        • Serbia and Hungary: Hammering Democracy
          • Publications

          • Autor: Marko Drajić
          • Serbia and Hungary: Hammering Democracy

          • Hungary is currently Serbia’s closest international partner. Bilateral relations between the two countries are no longer marred by any disputes and their political and economic interests increasingly coincide. The values underpinning the administrations of both countries have converged to ...

        • The Security Sector in a Captured State
          • Publications

          • Autor:
          • The Security Sector in a Captured State

          • Report on state capture in Serbia is BCSP genuine and pioneering work aiming to document and deconstruct ongoing process of state capture in the security sector through presentation of mechanisms, actors and consequences of this process.

        • The Security Sector in the State of Emergency: Testing Democracy
          • Publications

          • Autor: Isidora Stakic, Jelena Pejic Nikic, Katarina Djokic, Marija Ignjatijevic, Sasa Djordjevic
          • The Security Sector in the State of Emergency: Testing Democracy

          • This analysis by the Belgrade Centre for Security Policy (BCSP) concludes that during the 52 days it spent in a state of emergency, Serbia failed the test of democracy, thanks to a series of failings and irregularities in the conduct and control of the security sector.

        • The Masks Have Slipped: Serbia in a Geopolitical Pandemic
          • Publications

          • Autor: Isidora Stakic, Maja Bjelos, Marko Drajić
          • The Masks Have Slipped: Serbia in a Geopolitical Pandemic

          • Masks have slipped and the interests of Serbia’s foreign policy were exposed during the COVID-19 pandemic. These interests are not based on the principles of common goods, but on mechanism for preserving the existing internal order. This is one of the conclusions in the foreign policy analysis ...

        • Crime in the Western Balkans Six at the Time of Coronavirus: Early Findings
          • Publications

          • Autor: Sasa Djordjevic
          • Crime in the Western Balkans Six at the Time of Coronavirus: Early Findings

          • Did organized crime groups continue with their activity at the time of Coronavirus, which trends in the criminal activities in the Western Balkans can be noticed in the first six weeks of the pandemic and which scenarios can be envisaged for the future, analyzed BCSP Researcher Sasa Djordjevic.

        Serbia and Hungary: Hammering DemocracyThe Security Sector in a Captured StateThe Security Sector in the State of Emergency: Testing DemocracyThe Masks Have Slipped: Serbia in a Geopolitical PandemicCrime in the Western Balkans Six at the Time of Coronavirus: Early Findings
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          The paper presents detailed problems and negative consequences which unreformed security sector leaves on the democratic order and human rights. The analysis points that security services are not completely connected in unique security intelligence system, legal framework which regulates their work is notharmonized and it is full of legal vacuum. The role that the civilian security agency BIA has in criminal investigation is not clear enough and supervision and control of security services is not effective.

          After the restoration of statehood in 2006 Serbia got a chance to shape its security sector according to possibilities and needs without the load of itricate (con)federal state organization. Opposite to public expectations, comprehensive reform of security sector failed. Similar to 5 October changes, security intelligence system was only partly reformed due to ambitions of politicians to control it.

          The first problem area in this text is analysis of National Security Council. This state authority for coordination of actions important for national security does not include the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Speaker of the National Assembly, Director of the Police or Prosecutor for Organized Crime, which is opposite to practice in other countries. Also, current practice demonstrated that place of the Secretary of the Council is used by politicians for control over security services.

          The second part of the paper deals with the police powers of security services. Linking up the police and security intelligence jobs leads to big concentration of security power in one organization. This phenomenon threatens the principle of separation of powers, one of the basic principles of contemporary democracy. Participation in criminal investigations threatens to endanger secrecy of work of the security services and complicates the fight against organized crime.

          The third problem area is related to special measures for secret data gathering. Security services still got the possibility of the unlimited interception of communications while the access to retained data avoids control.

          The chapter dedicated to the internal control indicates to importance of this mechanism as the first line of defending law in the institutions themselves. Internal control in security services of Serbia has enough powers to control work but don’t have enough resources and independence in work relative to directors of the agencies.

          The last chapter is about external oversight of security services. Parliamentary oversight of security services is regular but it is not complete. Despite numerous challenges, independent state institutions remain leading overseers of security services.

          Publication of this study was kindly supported by The Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Belgrade, in the framework of the project “LEGASI - Towards Legislative Reform of Security Intelligence System”. The opinions expressed in the publication are solely those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the positions of the State of the Netherlands.

        • Tags: security services, control, democratic control, internal control, reform, special measures, Predrag Petrović, Katarina Djokic
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