The coalition prEUgovor has been monitoring Serbia’s progress in regard to the adherence to political criteria for EU membership and policies covered under Chapters 23 (Judiciary and Fundamental Rights) and 24 (Justice, Freedom and Security) of the European acquis in the negotiation process.
BCSP researchers Maja Bjelos and Isidora Stakic in this paper analyse the future of the Civil Protection units in North Kosovo that, according to the Agreement reached on 26 March 2015 between Belgrade in Prishtina, are to be dismantled and their personnel integrated into Kosovo’s institutions.
Parsimonious legal framework and parliamentarians’ reluctance to utilise their powers have impeded parliamentary oversight of police work. Hence, the parliament does not have a significant role in building police integrity in Serbia.
Increasing the transparency and accountability of the police is not viable if the Serbian public are made aware of current crime rates and the effectiveness of the police only by the Minister of Internal Affairs.
In this new publication of the BCSP you can find performance assessment of the municipal safety councils in Serbia and quality assessment of cooperation between the police and local self-governments in solving security problems at the local level.
In this study we explored how the incomplete demarcation process influences local communities and what their priorities are concerning this issue.
It has been five years since Serbia and Montenegro became separate countries. The process of demarcating the border between two countries started in 2008 when a commission for delimitation was created. The negotiations halted when Montenegro recognized Kosovo’s independence, because Serbia did not want to take part in negotiations about borders if Kosovo was not included in the process as part of Serbia. Negotiations resumed in March 2011, but there is still a long way to go in order to reach an agreement on state borders.
People living in the border areas have still not got used to crossing the border at border crossings and still have difficulties getting used to procedures for selling goods from Serbia in Montenegro. Other problems they face are related to underdevelopment and migration.
BCSP will soon address authorities in Serbia and Montenegro with a list of recommendations to improve this situation.
This case study is a product of project The People’s Peacemaking Perspectives, a joint initiative implemented by Conciliation Resources and Saferworld and financed under the European Commission’s Instrument for Stability.